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Tkart magazine

Doctor Tkart | Overhauling the TM Racing Mini 2 60 cc engine

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Exclusive Content

OVERHAULING THE TM RACING MINI 2 60 CC ENGINE

30 January 2021
Maintenance on an Italian factory-model Mini-class engine, while simpler compared to a KZ-class, should only be performed with the help of an expert technician, or … by following the instructions of Dr. TKART
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THE TASK IN SHORT
Check ignition advance and squish, disassemble the engine, replace the piston, main bearings and oil seals. Reassemble everything.
time 105 min
difficulty Expert

The complete overhaul of TM Racing’s Mini-class engine calls for the replacement of the piston, the main bearings and the connecting rod. But maintenance intervals may vary depending on the single components: for the piston and main bearings, it’s best not to exceed 5 hours of operation; the connecting rod, on the other hand, should be replaced roughly every 15 hours.

In this guide, Dr. TKART presents the correct steps in the disassembly and reassembly of a TM Racing Mini 2, but these steps are substantially the same for the majority of Mini-class engines.

NECESSARY TOOLS
1 LIQUID SILICONE
2 STRINGY VASELINE GREASE
3 MULTI-POROUSE GREASE
4 SILICONE PASTE
5 HAMMER
6 TEFLON HAMMER
7 POWER SCREWDRIVER WITH 24 MM AND 17 MM SPANNERS
8 2300 W INDUSTRIAL BLOW DRYER
9 INDICATOR
10 4MM AND 5MM ALLEN WRENCH
11 HOOK
12 CALLIPERS
13 SOLDER WIRE
14 PLIERS
15 38 MM EXTRACTOR
16 30 AND 45-MM-DIAMETER SWABS
17 17 MM AND 19 MM HEX WRENCH
18 DEGREASER
19 BRUSH WITH IRON TEETH
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1
step
3 min
easy

Before disassembling the engine, we need to measure the squish and ignition advance settings. This will tell us their current values and, in the reassembly phase, allow us to reset them after the overhaul.
Squish is measured 1-mm-thick solder wire, a length of roughly 10 cm is enough. We move the piston to its lower dead point, turning the crankshaft by manually rotating the sprocket.

1.

Cut roughly 10 cm of 1-mm-thick solder wire from a reel.

2.

Rotate the crankshaft to reach the piston’s lower dead point. Insert the solder wire into the spark plug hole until it hits the wall of the cylinder. Rotate the crankshaft to reach the piston’s upper dead point.

Then we insert the solder wire into the spark plug hole until it reaches the wall of the cylinder, and bring the piston to its upper dead point, crushing the solder wire. The thickness of the crushed solder wire between the piston and the cylinder head is the value of the squish, measured with a caliper. In the standard TM Racing Mini 2, the engine must have a squish between 0.5 and 0.55 mm.

3.

The thickness of the solder wire crushed between the piston and the cylinder head gives you the squish.

TO KNOW MORE

Squish is a particular conformation of the inner part of the cylinder head, shaped like a slanted circular crown. This geometry optimizes the engine’s performance and is present in practically all competition kart engines. TKART has analysed these aspects in the technical article “The squish”. However, since even a tenth of a mm of difference in squish can cause significant variations in performance and engine reliability, we suggest you read the more in-depth piece “How to find the right measure of the squish”.

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