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Doctor Tkart | Overhauling the petrol pump

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Overhauling the petrol pump

24 April 2018
The petrol pump is the accessory that ensures the continuous availability of fuel to the "float bowl" carburetor. To do so, it uses a system of internal diaphragms that that must be overhauled from time to time. How? Dr TKART explains using a Mikuni DF52-176 petrol pump
The operation in brief
Remove the pump from the engine. Open it up. Remove the diaphragms and the gasket, noting in which order they are. Clean covers and central body. Insert the new diaphragms. Close and refit the pump.
time 35 MIN
difficulty Facile

The petrol pump is an accessory that is necessary when using carburetors commonly known as “float bowl” carburetors. Unlike diaphragm carburetors, which have an internal diaphragm, as the name suggest, they require a pump to guarantees the right amount of petrol at all times.

The pump operates through a system of diaphragms that exploit the pressure and vacuum created by the movement of the piston in the engine. However, the diaphragms are subject to wear and should therefore be periodically replaced. Dr TKART explains how to perform the entire overhaul procedure, using a Mikuni DF52-176 pump, which is one of the most commonly used by karting enthusiasts.

5 min

The first task is to remove the pump from the kart’s engine, which makes it easier to work in the opening and cleaning phase. Proceed by removing the tubes of the two outlets, then the tube of the fuel inlet and the tube connected to the engine, from which the pump senses the vacuum generated by the movement of the piston.


The carburetor fuel inlet port and the two outlets

In the pump, the inlet port and the two outlets are marked on the cover, but if you are not an expert, it is still possible to make simple mistakes. The tip is to mark the entrance and the exits, so as not to make any mistakes when refitting the petrol tubes. To reduce leaks, another tip is to make the tube that connects the pump to the engine as short as possible.


Unscrew the bolts that attach the pump to the support grommets


Remove the vacuum tube that connects the pump to the engine

5 min

Once the pump is completely free, cleaning the outside using brake-cleaner. Then, position the pump in a bench vice to facilitate opening it.
Use a cross-head screwdriver to remove the six fixing bolts, progressively unscrewing them to loosen them all together.
To avoid subsequently refitting the pump incorrectly, we recommend using a marker pen to mark the position of the cover with respect to the body of the pump, so as to be sure that the indications of the entry and exit holes, shown on the surface of the cover, are actually correct. At this point, you can remove the top cover of the petrol pump.


Clean the outside of the pump and progressively loosen the bolts of the cover


Mark the position of the cover with respect to the central body


Open the petrol pump

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